civilisation dates from the 11° century before
Christ. The whole way of living changed because people
settled for the first time in fixed places and constructed
villages on top of the hills near the most important
rivers. The main activity was agriculture and breeding
but with the beginning of the Iron period the craft
sector was more and more important and they began
to construct boats and works of art. They began commercial
activities with the Greeks.
cities became the fulcrum of political, religious
and economical live. This process was further improved
and was the origin of real powerful City-states. The
Etruscan necropolises from the beginning of the 7°century
before Christ are near Puntone and Pian di Palma.
These are tombs excavated under the ground and consist
of a unique room. The roof was a big slab of travertine
(porous white stone you find all over here) preceded
by a corridor that slopes downwards. In Campo delle
Caldane you find different tomb constructions, here
you find a slab of travertino positioned in a vertical
way, forming the walls and also here the roof is a
big slab of travertine. The room made like this was
closed by a travertine door and afterwards covered
by earth so you see small hills spread on the land.